|FOREST CITY REALTY TRUST, INC. filed this Form 8-K on 10/30/2018|
Forest City Realty Trust, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Appendix - Definitions
Net Asset Value Components
We disclose components of our business relevant to calculate NAV, a non-GAAP measure. There is no directly comparable GAAP financial measure to NAV. We consider NAV to be a useful supplemental measure which assists both management and investors to estimate the fair value of our Company. The calculation of NAV involves significant estimates and can be calculated using various methods. Each individual investor must determine the specific methodology, assumptions and estimates to use to arrive at an estimated NAV of the Company. NAV components are shown at our total company ownership. We believe disclosing the components at total company ownership is essential to estimate NAV, as they represent our estimated proportionate amount of assets and liabilities we are entitled to.
The components of NAV do not consider the potential changes in rental and fee income streams or development platform. The components include non-GAAP financial measures, such as NOI, and information related to our rental properties business at the Company’s share. Although these measures are not presented in accordance with GAAP, investors can use these non-GAAP measures as supplementary information to evaluate our business.
NOI, a non-GAAP measure, reflects our share of the core operations of our rental real estate portfolio, prior to any financing activity. NOI is defined as revenues less operating expenses at our ownership within our Office, Apartments, Retail, and Development segments, except for revenues and cost of sales associated with sales of land held in these segments. The activities of our Corporate segment does not involve the operations of our rental property portfolio and therefore is not included in NOI.
We believe NOI provides important information about our core operations and, along with earnings before income taxes, is necessary to understand our business and operating results. Because NOI excludes general and administrative expenses, interest expense, depreciation and amortization, revenues and cost of sales associated with sales of land, other non-property income and losses, and gains and losses from property dispositions, it provides a performance measure that, when compared year over year, reflects the revenues and expenses directly associated with owning and operating office, apartment and retail real estate and the impact to operations from trends in occupancy rates, rental rates, and operating costs, providing a perspective on operations not immediately apparent from net income. We use NOI to evaluate our operating performance on a portfolio basis since NOI allows us to evaluate the impact that factors such as occupancy levels, lease structure, rental rates, and tenant mix have on our financial results. Investors can use NOI as supplementary information to evaluate our business. In addition, management believes NOI provides useful information to the investment community about our financial and operating performance when compared to other REITs since NOI is generally recognized as a standard measure of performance in the real estate industry. NOI is not intended to be a performance measure that should be regarded as an alternative to, or more meaningful than, our GAAP measures, and may not be directly comparable to similarly-titled measures reported by other companies.
We use comparable NOI, a non-GAAP measure, as a metric to evaluate the performance of our office and apartment properties. Comparable NOI is an operating statistic defined as NOI from stabilized properties operated in all periods presented. This measure provides a same-store comparison of operating results of all stabilized properties that are open and operating in all periods presented. Non-capitalizable development costs and unallocated management and service company overhead, net of service fee revenues, are not directly attributable to an individual operating property and are considered non-comparable NOI. In addition, certain income and expense items at the property level, such as lease termination income, real estate tax assessments or rebates, certain litigation expenses incurred and any related legal settlements and NOI impacts of changes in ownership percentages, are excluded from comparable NOI. Due to the planned/ongoing disposition of substantially all of our regional mall and specialty retail portfolios, we are no longer disclosing comparable NOI for our retail properties. Other properties and activities such as federally assisted housing, straight-line rent adjustments and participation payments as a result of refinancing transactions are not evaluated on a comparable basis and the NOI from these properties and activities is considered non-comparable NOI.
We believe comparable NOI is useful because it measures the performance of the same properties on a period-to-period basis and is used to assess operating performance and resource allocation of the operating properties. While property dispositions, acquisitions or other factors impact net earnings in the short term, we believe comparable NOI presents a consistent view of the overall performance of our operating portfolio from period to period. A reconciliation of earnings before income taxes, the most comparable financial measure calculated in accordance with GAAP, to NOI, a reconciliation of NOI to earnings before income taxes for each operating segment and a reconciliation from NOI to comparable NOI are included in this supplemental package.
Comparable NOI margin information is an operating statistic derived from comparable NOI as a percentage of revenues associated with comparable NOI. We believe comparable NOI margins are useful in evaluating revenue enhancements and expense management on our comparable properties while also assessing the execution of our business strategies.